Pioneers Of Science
John Banister Goodenough
John Banister Goodenough was born to American parents in 1922 in Jena, Germany. He is a scientist whom the world recognizes. He served during WWII as a meteorologist in the US army after completing his degree in mathematics from Yale University. He did his Ph.D. in physical science from the University of Chicago in 1952. All through his profession, Goodenough proved himself as a universally conspicuous strong state researcher, generally recognized for his work in the improvement of the rechargeable Li-ion battery. Goodenough is a Nobel laureate in chemistry. He has been awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with colleagues Akira Yoshino and M. Stanley Whittingham.
John B. Goodenough holds the Virginia H. Cockrell Centennial Chair of Engineering at The University of Texas and studies the ties between the structural, chemical, and electrical properties of solids. He is also a member of the U.S. National Academies of Science and Engineering, as well as a foreign member of the Royal Society, England, and the National Societies of France, Spain, and India. Goodenough has also been awarded many other awards. He got the ECS Olin Palladium Award in 1999, Japan Prize in 2001, the Presidential Enrico Fermi Award in 2009, the National Medal of Science in 2012, the Stark Draper Prize of the National Academy of Engineering in 2014, and the Royal Society’s Copley Medal in 2019.
Saving electrical energy in batteries is a critical factor in settling the world’s energy supply. The component lithium is valuable in batteries since it readily delivers electrons. John Goodenough fostered a lithium battery in 1980 with a cathode of cobalt oxide which includes spaces that can store lithium particles at the atomic level. This cathode gave a higher voltage than the ones in older batteries. Goodenough’s commitments were significant for the improvement of lithium-particle batteries, which are utilized in almost any portable device nowadays e.g. phone batteries, camera batteries, electric cars, etc.
The key features of Li-particle batteries include recharging as many times as possible and are steadier. They, in general, have a higher energy density, voltage limit, and lower self-drainage rate than other reusable batteries. This gives them a plus point and enables these batteries to be used at a level where one cannot live without them.
Even after spending good 92 years of life, Goodenough still appears to be energetic about finishing his portfolio with a last, huge creation. He is attempting, obviously, to make a super-battery but one which will make electric cars stand side by side with burning engines, and furthermore monetarily store solar energy and air. Nobody, including him, can say without a doubt that Goodenough will succeed this time. It’s just that he hasn’t fallen yet and he is willing to go on. Goodenough himself says that everyone should be in it so any lead can help. He says,
“There are a lot of people working, and none of them is stupid. I don’t say I’m the only one who can solve the problem.”
Article by: Toheed Haider